PP8-The Peles Castle, The Peles National Museum

The Peles Castle was built at the initiative of King Carol I of Romania (1866-1914), as the summer residence of the royal family. King Carol I purchased in 1871 a 1,000 hectares estate from Eforia Sitalelor.
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Peles Castle was built by Charles I of Romania to represent the cradle of Hohenzollern – Sigmaringen dynasty in Romania and, implicitly, it also represents the new kingdom of Romania.

Peles Castle was built by Charles I of Romania to represent the cradle of Hohenzollern – Sigmaringen dynasty in Romania and, implicitly, it also represents the new kingdom of Romania.

In Peles Castle were organized important political meetings as the Crown Council in 1914, when it was decided Romania’s neutrality in World War I.  The most important event hosted by the Peleş Castle until the abdication of King Michael I, in December 1947, was the celebration of the semi-centenary of the castle in 1933. From January to March 1948, the castle was closed by the order of the communist authorities and the heritage assets were inventoried.

In Peles Castle were organized important political meetings as the Crown Council in 1914, when it was decided Romania’s neutrality in World War I. The most important event hosted by the Peleş Castle until the abdication of King Michael I, in December 1947, was the celebration of the semi-centenary of the castle in 1933. From January to March 1948, the castle was closed by the order of the communist authorities and the heritage assets were inventoried.

In 1873, three hundred workers supervised by architect Wilhelm von Doderer (1873-1876) and by King Carol I, started landscaping the site on which the Peles Castle was built. They had worked hard to master the whimsical elements of nature such as underground watercourses and landslides that destroyed overnight their work. The actual construction began in August 1875.

In 1873, three hundred workers supervised by architect Wilhelm von Doderer (1873-1876) and by King Carol I, started landscaping the site on which the Peles Castle was built. They had worked hard to master the whimsical elements of nature such as underground watercourses and landslides that destroyed overnight their work. The actual construction began in August 1875.

In 1883, the symbol of the Royal Family, the Peles Castle was officially opened. Its location in Prahova Valley was not random, at that time Predeal was the border with the Austro-Hungarian Empire. After the union of Transylvania with the Old kingdom, the Peles Castle stand in the middle of the country.

In 1883, the symbol of the Royal Family, the Peles Castle was officially opened. Its location in Prahova Valley was not random, at that time Predeal was the border with the Austro-Hungarian Empire. After the union of Transylvania with the Old kingdom, the Peles Castle stand in the middle of the country.

The German neo-renaissance style represented the expression of the taste in fashion in the middle of the nineteenth century in Germany and illustrated the aesthetic choice of King Carol I. The architecture of this style is distinguished by sharp profiles, vertical slender, irregular forms, fragmented composition of facades, asymmetric bodies, carved wood and decorative elements.

The German neo-renaissance style represented the expression of the taste in fashion in the middle of the nineteenth century in Germany and illustrated the aesthetic choice of King Carol I. The architecture of this style is distinguished by sharp profiles, vertical slender, irregular forms, fragmented composition of facades, asymmetric bodies, carved wood and decorative elements.

In 1932, Foişor castle underwent a devastating fire. It was rebuilt a year later during King Charles II’s reign (1930-1940). In 1970, a new wing was added to the original building and the interiors changed significantly. After 1989, the building became a protocol villa of the office of the president of Romania.

In 1932, Foişor castle underwent a devastating fire. It was rebuilt a year later during King Charles II’s reign (1930-1940). In 1970, a new wing was added to the original building and the interiors changed significantly. After 1989, the building became a protocol villa of the office of the president of Romania.

The Article 83 of the Constitution stipulated that: “in the absence of the succession in male line of His Majesty Carol I of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen, the succession of the throne will be appropriate to the eldest of his brothers or his collaborators.” Therefore, in 1889, Ferdinand settles down in Romania. After King Carol I death, Ferdinand became king, at the age of 49 years old.

The Article 83 of the Constitution stipulated that: “in the absence of the succession in male line of His Majesty Carol I of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen, the succession of the throne will be appropriate to the eldest of his brothers or his collaborators.” Therefore, in 1889, Ferdinand settles down in Romania. After King Carol I death, Ferdinand became king, at the age of 49 years old.


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