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Leibniz’s Principle of Sufficient Reason states, simply, that for every positive fact there must be an explanation equal to it.

Depicting the major ideas of the major philosophers, in a minimal way.

Descartes’ Substance Dualism maintains that both the mind and body exist as two separate and distinct substances. He argued using Leibniz’s Law - where two identical things must have completely identical properties. From here, he thought we are...

Descartes’ Substance Dualism maintains that both the mind and body exist as two separate and distinct substances. He argued using Leibniz’s Law - where two identical things must have completely identical properties.

Kierkegaard, a forefather of existentialism, believed man lived and passed through 'spheres of existence', each more meaningful than the last: the Aesthetic (life of pleasures), the Universal (life in society) and the highest Religious. To reach the last, we must suspend reason, and embrace the passion of faith.

Depicting the major ideas of the major philosophers, in a minimal way.

Plato's love of geometry exemplified well his world of forms.

The Big Ideas of Philosophers

Marx believed that economics was everything - the past, present, and even the (deterministically inevitable) future. There would be an organic progression of society, until the proletariat would realise their own capacity, and establish a classless society of common responsibility and ownership.

Marx believed that economics was everything - the past, present, and even the (deterministically inevitable) future. There would be an organic progression of society, until the proletariat would realise their own capacity, and establish a classless society of common responsibility and ownership.

Kant’s Transcendental Ego is an attempt to bridge the historic debate between empiricism and rationalism. All of our knowledge does comes from experiences (in the form of ‘phenomena’), but we possess an a priori ‘nounmenal’ self which is a ‘necessary precondition’ for having any experience at all.

Kant’s Transcendental Ego is an attempt to bridge the historic debate between empiricism and rationalism. All of our knowledge does comes from experiences (in the form of ‘phenomena’), but we possess an a priori 'nounmenal’ self which is a 'necessary.

#Nietzsche nihilistic aphorism “God is Dead” is the starting point for his wider conviction that there were no truths or certainties  In this uncertain void, true meaning came in reaching for an inner #Ubermensch, where we should and must create our own values in a Will to Power.

Nietzsche nihilistic aphorism “God is Dead” is the starting point for his wider conviction that there were no truths or certainties In this uncertain void, true meaning came in reaching for an inner-Ubermensch, where we should and must create our own.

Plato’s Philosopher King is an idealistic monarch who does what is in the interests of his subjects. However, he is not a slave to democracy - but should and would pursue ‘higher ideals’, even if at odds with the wants of his people. Popper...

Plato’s Philosopher King is an idealistic monarch who does what is in the interests of his subjects. However, he is not a slave to democracy - but should and would pursue ‘higher ideals’, even if at odds with the wants of his people.