in 1965, in Philippi (Greece) was discovered a tombstone of a Roman officer. It turned out to be of the leader of the unit that was tasked by the Emperor Trajan to track down Decebalus, the last of the Dacian kings.

Tombstone of the Roman officer Tiberius Claudius Maximus who defeated Decebalus the last Dacian king. The stele was found at Philippi, in Greece where the officer ended his life

The Fantastic Snake, dating from the 3rd century BC, and the other of Goddess Fortuna and Pontos, god of the Black Sea, are considered protectors of the city and port and are the highlights of the collection. Romanian Navy Museum Daco-romano

Late statue of Glycon. (National History and Archeology Museum, Constanţa, Romania) The cult possibly originated in Macedonia

Roman statues of Dacians

dacians dacian men dacii ancient eastern european people romania

The Statue of Dacian king Decebalus, Danube River, Romania

Rock sculpture -m high) of King Decebalus, the last king of the Dacians, Located on an outcrop on the Danube at the Iron Gates, which form the border between Romania & Serbia. Tallest rock sculpture in Europe.

The Romans were terrified of the Dacians weapons. Their preferred sword was the single edged falcata: capable of severing limbs with a single blow. Perhaps their most dreaded weapon was the war scythe. The Romans had to adapt gladiator armor to counter it   The Dacian war scythe was known as a falx; the falcata was a Spanish weapon.  Dacian swords were short and doubled-edged, presumably based on the gladius or the xiphos.

Battle scene from the Adamclisi monument. In the foreground a Dacian warrior fight using a double-handed falx against a Roman Auxilia with lorica hamata.

Trajan Column XVII (25) 62 detail- Decebalus conducting the first battle from his vantage point.   Among the most impressive scenes of the battle is the “Carrying of the injured Dacian youth”. The group around the wounded youth seems to be a product of  Hellenistic pattern books.  Such groups occur often on sarcophagi. The composition is in a pyramid form, with Decebalus being at the top of the pyramid.

Trajan Column XVII 62 detail- Decebalus conducting the first battle from…