in 1965, in Philippi (Greece) was discovered a tombstone of a Roman officer. It turned out to be of the leader of the unit that was tasked by the Emperor Trajan to track down Decebalus, the last of the Dacian kings.

Tombstone of the Roman officer Tiberius Claudius Maximus who defeated Decebalus the last Dacian king. The stele was found at Philippi, in Greece where the officer ended his life

The Fantastic Snake, dating from the 3rd century BC, and the other of Goddess Fortuna and Pontos, god of the Black Sea, are considered protectors of the city and port and are the highlights of the collection. Romanian Navy Museum Daco-romano

The Fantastic Snake, dating from the century BC, and the other of Goddess Fortuna and Pontos, god of the Black Sea, are considered protectors of the city and port .

Decebal, king of Dacians

Decebalus (ruled was the last king of Dacia.

Roman statues of Dacians

dacians dacian men dacii ancient eastern european people romania

Roman statues of Dacians, Romanians ancestors

The Romans were terrified of the Dacians weapons. Their preferred sword was the single edged falcata: capable of severing limbs with a single blow. Perhaps their most dreaded weapon was the war scythe. The Romans had to adapt gladiator armor to counter it   The Dacian war scythe was known as a falx; the falcata was a Spanish weapon.  Dacian swords were short and doubled-edged, presumably based on the gladius or the xiphos.

Battle scene from the Adamclisi monument. In the foreground a Dacian warrior fight using a double-handed falx against a Roman Auxilia with lorica hamata.

Sword Dacian culture Romania

Sword Dacian culture Romania

Trajan Column XVII (25) 62 detail- Decebalus conducting the first battle from his vantage point.   Among the most impressive scenes of the battle is the “Carrying of the injured Dacian youth”. The group around the wounded youth seems to be a product of  Hellenistic pattern books.  Such groups occur often on sarcophagi. The composition is in a pyramid form, with Decebalus being at the top of the pyramid.

Trajan Column XVII 62 detail- Decebalus conducting the first battle from…

Modern reconstruction of a Dacian shield

Dacian shield reconstruction - history museum in Brad

Dacian Helmet

Dacian Helmet

Decebalus scene on Column of Trajan. Depicts Dacian commander Decebalus committing suicide by a tree. The Romans admired his death, because he refused to die at the hands of the Romans.

Decebalus scene on Column of Trajan. Depicts Dacian ( Romanian ancestors) commander Decebalus committing suicide by a tree. The Romans admired his death, because he refused to die at the hands of the Romans.

Dacian Helmets from the base of the Trajans column. Drawing made after the sketches made by late-Renaissance Italian artist, Giovanni Batista Piranesi.

Dacian Helmets from the base of the Trajans column. Drawing made after the sketches made by late-Renaissance Italian artist, Giovanni Batista Piranesi.

Captive Dacian. Cast in Pushkin museum after original in Lateran Museum. Roman. Early II century, CE.

Dacian cast in Pushkin museum, after original in Lateran Museum. Early second century AD.

Tropaeum Traiani depicting a falx in battle. One of the most important weapon of the Dacian arsenal was the falx. This dreaded weapon, similar to a large sickle came in two variants: a shorter, one-handed falx called a sica, and a longer two-handed version.

Metope Roman,fight between Dacian and Roman

The Sacred Area from Sarmizegetusa, the center of the Dacian world

Bucegi Mountains, Romania - The Mysteries - Ruins of andesite sanctuaries and solar disk at Sarmizegetusa Regia, Romania

Dacian man

File:Roman bust of a Dacian tarabostes (nobleman), Hermitage, St Petersburg, Russia -

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