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The falcata is a type of sword typical of the pre-Roman Iberian Peninsula (modern Spain and Portugal), similar to Greek kopis or Nepalese kukri. The term falcata is not ancient. It seems to have been coined by Fernando Fulgosio in 1872 on the model of the Latin expression ensis falcatus, the “sickle-shaped sword” (which, however, refers to the Harpe).
Italica, the old Roman City in Seville - Friendly Rentals
Beautiful mosaic from Italica, Spain. Italica was founded in 206 BCE by the Roman general Publius Cornelius Scipio Africanus in order to settle Roman soldiers wounded in the Battle of Ilipa, where the Carthaginian army was defeated during the Second Punic War. It was also the birthplace of the Emperor Trajan.
Exploring Moorish and Mudéjar influences in Aragon and Teruel
In the year 711, a loose confederacy of Berber, Black African and Arab tribes invaded and conquered most of what is now Spain. In English, we call these people Moors though that's not a term they used for themselves. They called their conquered territory Al-Andalus and they remained on the Iberian peninsula for nearly 800 years. The Islamic impact of the Moors was profound and it can still be felt and seen in modern Spain today. Here are some details of the Aljafería Palace in Zaragoza.
Moorish Chief (more detailed view): Rather than on eye level the figure is painted elevated in such a way that his gaze is cast downward onto the viewer, which emphasizes his position of superiority. This is however not a portrait of a real chief. Charlemont hired a model and dressed him in a burnoose (hooded cloak) which was typically worn by Arabs and Moors. The attention to his attire is astounding. Even a red cap shows from underneath the the Kaffiyeh (headdress)
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During excavations in the Can Sadurni cave (Begues, Barcelona), members of the archaeological team discovered the torso of a human figurine made of clay. Its location within the carefully recorded stratigraphy of occupation makes it the oldest human figurine in the whole of the Iberian Peninsula at 6500 years old.