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Romanian United Principalities (1862–66) Principatele Unite Române.

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The United Principalities of Moldavia and Wallachia was the official name of Romania, following the 1859 election of Alexandru Ioan Cuza as the Domnitor ("Ruling Prince") of both territories. On 24 January (O.S.) (5 February) 1862, the Principality of Moldavia and the Principality of Wallachia formally united to create the Romanian United Principalities. Alongside Transylvania (attached later, after the WW I), the principalities became the core of Romanian nation state.
Alexandru Ioan Cuza (portrait by Mișu Popp) (Alexandru Ioan I, also anglicised as Alexander John Cuza;  1820 – 1873) was Prince of Moldavia, Prince of Wallachia, and later Domnitor (ruler) of the Romanian Principalities. He was a prominent figure of the Revolution of 1848 in Moldavia. He initiated a series of reforms that contributed to the modernization of Romanian society and of state structures.

Alexandru Ioan Cuza (portrait by Mișu Popp) (Alexandru Ioan I, also anglicised as Alexander John Cuza; 1820 – 1873) was Prince of Moldavia, Prince of Wallachia, and later Domnitor (ruler) of the Romanian Principalities. He was a prominent figure of the Revolution of 1848 in Moldavia. He initiated a series of reforms that contributed to the modernization of Romanian society and of state structures.

Alexandru Ioan Cuza .Opposition from the large-land-owners dominated parliament to Cuza resulted in a coup against him in 1864. He subsequently instituted authoritarian rule but his popular support, strong at the time of the coup, gradually waned as the land reform failed to bring prosperity to the peasant majority.

Carol Popp de Szathmary - Prince Alexandru Ioan Cuza as colonel of Romanian army,

Bun Bun

Cuza spent the remainder of his life in exile, chiefly in Paris, Vienna and Wiesbaden, accompanied by his wife, his mistress, and his two sons. He died in Heidelberg.

Cuza spent the remainder of his life in exile, chiefly in Paris, Vienna and Wiesbaden, accompanied by his wife, his mistress, and his two sons. He died in Heidelberg.

Alexandru Ioan Cuza took steps to unify the administrations of the two Romanian Principalities and gain international recognition for the Union. He also adopted several reforms, including the secularization of church lands, introduction of free primary education, a French-inspired civil code and penal code as well as a limited agrarian reform and one in the army.

Alexandru Ioan Cuza took steps to unify the administrations of the two Romanian Principalities and gain international recognition for the Union. He also adopted several reforms, including the secularization of church lands, introduction of free primary education, a French-inspired civil code and penal code as well as a limited agrarian reform and one in the army.

Gheorghe Tattarescu: 11 Februarie 1866-Romania moderna.

February 1866 - The Modern Romania - Gheorghe Tattarescu

Alexandru Ioan Cuza (1859-1866) Voivove of the United Principalities.

Alexandru Ioan Cuza - Photo by Carol Popp de Szathmáry.

În Parlament, Legea secularizării a trecut cu majoritate de voturi.

Cum a lăsat Cuza Vodă Biserica în sapă de lemn

Moldova

His successor, Prince Karl of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen, was proclaimed Domnitor as Carol I of Romania on 20 April 1866. The election of a foreign prince with ties to an important princely house, legitimizing Romanian independence (which Carol came to do after the Russo-Turkish War of 1877–1878), had been one of the liberal aims in the revolution of 1848.

His successor, Prince Karl of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen, was proclaimed Domnitor as Carol I of Romania on 20 April 1866. The election of a foreign prince with ties to an important princely house, legitimizing Romanian independence (which Carol came to do after the Russo-Turkish War of 1877–1878), had been one of the liberal aims in the revolution of 1848.

Principatele Române (Cuza) - Stemă folosită între 1859-1860 (mare).

Principatele Române (Cuza) - Stemă folosită între 1859-1860 (mare).

"Alexandru Ioan Cuza and European Politics".

"Alexandru Ioan Cuza and European Politics".

Drapelul Romaniei 1862-1866.

Drapelul Romaniei 1862-1866.