black /African American
Last updated 44 weeks ago
KNOW YOUR HISTORY: Memorial Day was started by former slaves on May, 1, 1865 in Charleston, SC to honor 257 dead Union Soldiers who had been buried in a mass grave in a Confederate prison camp. They dug up the bodies and worked for 2 weeks to give them a proper burial as gratitude for fighting for their freedom. They then held a parade of 10,000 people led by 2,800 Black children where they marched, sang and celebrated. Thanks to Abstrakt Goldsmith.
The Kingdom of Kush lay to the South of Egypt and is famous for its more pointed pyramids. Several Queens have ruled Kush, but one of the greatest is certainly Amanirenas. Ruling for about 30 years, she led her forces against the Romans in Egypt. After initial success, the Romans pushed back. A peace treaty was then signed, by terms favorable to Kush. A contemporary of Cleopatra, Amanirenas was probably blind in one eye.
Carl Maxie Brashear (January 19, 1931 – July 25, 2006) was the 1st African American to become a U.S. Navy Master Diver, rising to the position in 1970. His life story is dramatized in the 2000 motion picture Men of Honor, in which he was portrayed by actor Cuba Gooding, Jr. Brashear enlisted in the U.S. Navy on Feb 25, 1948, shortly after the Navy had been desegregated by President Truman. He graduated from the U.S. Navy Diving & Salvage School 1954-1st African-American to attend & graduate.
♍ Edward Alexander Bouchet (9/15/1852-10/28/1918; New Haven, CT) was the 1st African American to earn a Ph.D. from an American university and the 1st AA to graduate from Yale University in 1874. He completed his dissertation in Yale's Ph.D. program in 1876 becoming the 1st AA to receive a Ph.D. (in any subject). His area of study was Physics. Bouchet was also elected to Phi Beta Kappa. In 2005, Yale and Howard universities founded the Edward A. Bouchet Graduate Honor Society in his name.
May 27th in African American History – Doris “Dorie” Miller
Dorie MIller, a messman in the U.S. Navy was awarded the Navy Cross for his heroic deeds at Pearl Harbor (1st African American to be awarded the Navy Cross). ALL HE DID The Morning of Pearl Harbor Bombing was carry wounded sailors to safer locations, move his injured Captain (the Captain refused to leave his post & remained until his death), load machine guns, take control of one & began firing at Japanese planes (He HAD NO TRAINING IN OPERATING ONE). He fired until he ran out of ammunition.
John L. Withers, 91; Sheltered Two Young Victims of WWII
John Withers. The Black World War II veteran risked a dishonorable discharge and the loss of his academic career in order to hide and save two dying Jewish teens he liberated from the Dachau concentration camp. They were reunited decades later, sharing their experiences with their families.
First black Marine Jim Rundles passes away at the age of 94 on March 13, 2014. Jim Rundles came into the Marine Corps at a time that all branches were segregated. He helped bring about the modern thought by Marines that all Marines are just a shade of green. This man survived Montford Point and World War II.
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*WWII PIN ~ honoring Pearl Harbor hero Dorie Miller, a black messman who was untrained in machine gun use due to rigid Naval segregation policies. Miller took over a machine gun aboard the USS West Virginia and was officially credited with downing two Japanese planes. He was honored as one of the first heroes of World War II, and six months after the attack was given the Navy Cross by Admiral Chester Nimitz.
People of Color in European Art History
Ira Frederick Alridge, (July 24, 1807 – August 7, 1867) was an American and later British stage actor who made his career largely on the London stage and in Europe, especially in Shakespearean roles. He is the only actor of African-American descent among the 33 actors of the English stage honoured with bronze plaques at the Shakespeare Memorial Theatre at Stratford-upon-Avon. He was especially popular in Prussia and Russia, where he received top honours from heads of state.
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Einstein, when he arrived in America, was shocked at how Americans of African Descent were treated. “There is separation of colored people from white people in the United States," he said. "That separation is not a disease of colored people. It is a disease of white people. And, I do not intend to be quiet about it.” And, he wasn't.
Willis No Last Name - From the Hope Chest of Ada Allen Griswold, Macon, Georgia circa 1910s
Macon Allen was the first African American to graduate was the first African American licensed to practice law in the United States, in Maine in 1844. He is also believed to be the first to hold a judicial position.