Romanesque architecture - Maria Laach Abbey (in German: Abtei Maria Laach, in Latin: Abbatia Maria Lacensis or Abbatia Maria ad Lacum) is a Benedictine abbey situated on the southwestern shore of the Laacher See (Lake Laach), near Andernach, in the Eifel region of the Rhineland-Palatinate in Germany. It is a member of the Beuronese Congregation within the Benedictine Confederation. The abbey was known for nearly 770 years as "Abtei Laach"
OTTONIAN ARCHITECTURE - Church of St Cyriakus at Gernrode, begun 959, Germany. St. Cyriakus is one of the few surviving examples of Ottonian architecture and combines Carolingian elements with innovations that anticipate Romanesque architecture. It is ecohing Early Christian basilica in Rome fx S. Lorenzo (579-90) and Sant Agnese (625-38). Its system of alternating supports- piers and columns- in the nave was equally to be of great significance for the future.
OTTONIAN ARCHITECTURE - Side aisles, the cathedral of Speyer, Germany, begun 1030. It is the one of the earliest stone vaulting dome in Germany. In order to support the heavy stone vaulting, interior divided into a tripartite space by side aisles as the structural buttresses for the vault. The vaulting is completed around 1137.
OTTONIAN ARCHITECTURE - Nave, St Michael at Hildesheim, 1001-1033. The notable development towards greater spatial complexity at Hildesheim may be due to its patron St, Bernward (960-1022), bishop of Hildesheim, grandson of Otto I. In 1001 Bernward with Otto III, oaied several vist to Rome, where he lived for a time in the imperial palace on the Aventine hill. Here he would have seen Early Christian basilica.
OTTONIAN ARCHITECTURE - St Michael at Hildesheim, 1001-1033 It is one of the most important churches of Ottonian times (Early-Romanesque) style. Ottonian architecture was more regulated than Carolingian, with simple interior spaces and a more systematic layout. St. Michael’s, Hildesheim, exemplifies this regularity, with two crypts, two apses, and two transepts, each with a crossing tower.