Continuous baths were one form of hydrotherapy used in mental hospitals beginning in the early 1900s. Patients would spend from a few hours to a few days surrounded by flowing water. This treatment was used to induce relaxation in excited or agitated patients, as well as to relieve pressures from bed sores and other physical ailments.
In a groundbreaking initiative, NYC Health + Hospitals/Bellevue will offer New York City residents personalized support in making the potentially life-saving transition to a whole-food plant-based diet. With an initial $400,000 in funding, the Plant-Based Lifestyle Medicine Program will launch this fall at Bellevue Hospital in Manhattan, serving patients from all five New York City boroughs.
A c. 1890s photograph of the Syms Operating Theater, Bellevue Hospital, NYC. The patient appears to be undergoing a gynecological operation; the black cloth-wrapped legs are held-up and spread by vertical rods fixed behind each knee. An assistant sits at the head of the wooden operating table with his back to us administering the anesthetic. The demonstrator is William Mecklenburg Polk, Prof. of Obstetrics and Diseases of Women and Children, University of the City of New York.
Founded in 1736, Bellevue is America’s oldest public hospital. Starting as an alms house with 6 beds for the city’s poor, the dangers to the public from outbreaks of diphtheria, cholera, & yellow fever saw the need for a place of quarantine. At a time when Manhattan didn’t yet extend beyond Wall Street, the empty mansion of the Quaker-merchant Murray Family a few miles to the north was selected for New York’s first hospital.