Women in American History
Te Ata Fisher, Chickasaw, entertained President Franklin D. Roosevelt and King George VI of Britain through song, dance and storytelling. Born in 1895, Te Ata, which means “Bearer of the Morning” spent much of her 99 years telling the stories and folklore of her people to local and worldwide audiences. Te Ata shared her gift of storytelling on the Chautauqua circuit in the 1920s – a lecture circuit used by entertainers, politicians and religious leaders before the advent of radio broadcasts.
Victoria Woodhull (1838 - 1927). She was quite a lady ... the first woman to run for President of the United States (1872); first woman to start a weekly newspaper, first woman along with her sister to operate a brokerage firm in Wall Street (where she made a fortune). She fought for women's rights, against corruption and for labor reforms. The reforms and ideals espoused by her for the common working class against the corrupt rich business elite were extremely controversial in her time.
Cynthia Ann Parker was kidnapped at age 9 by Comanches who massacred her family. She lived with them for 24 years, forgetting her white ways. She married Chief Peta Nocona and had 3 children including Quanah Parker. Rescued at age 34 by Texas Rangers, but for 10 yrs. refused to adjust to white ways. She escaped once only to be "rescued" again. Heartbroken over the loss of her husband and children, she stopped eating and died of influenza in 1870, after the death of her youngest daughter.
Edmonia Lewis (1845-1909) was an African American and Native American sculptor that would find success despite discrimination for her race and gender. She was an art student at Oberlin College and would excel in her courses but would later drop out after being accused of theft and poisoning two classmates; this led to a mob beating her up severely, only to have her acquitted of any wrong doing at trial.
A forgotten profession: In the days before alarm clocks were widely affordable, people like Mary Smith of Brenton Street were employed to rouse sleeping people in the early hours of the morning. They were commonly known as ‘knocker-ups’ or ‘knocker-uppers’. Mrs. Smith was paid sixpence a week to shoot dried peas at market workers’ windows in Limehouse Fields, London. Photograph from Philip Davies’ Lost London: 1870-1945.
Dr. Martha Euphemia Rosalie Lofton Haynes was the first African-American female Mathematician. Her father was a dentist and investor, and her mother was active in the Catholic Church. She preferred to be called Euphemia rather than Martha, and received her B.A in Mathematics from Smith College. She minored in psychology. She received her masters degree in education from the University of Chicago and her Ph.D in mathematics from The Catholic University in Washington, in 1943 becoming the f...
Amy Johnson, English aviator 1903-1941 One of the first women to gain a pilot's licence, Johnson won fame when she flew solo from Britain to Australia in 1930. Her dangerous flight took 17 days. Later she flew solo to India and Japan and became the first woman to fly across the Atlantic East to West, she volunteered to fly for The Women's Auxiialry Air Force in WW2, but her plane was shot down over the River Thames and she was killed
I have always been appalled at what happened to Rosemary Kennedy. Her father Joe Kennedy did not like her 'uncontrollable' behavior (she was likely struggling with depression but was bright and vibrant too) so he secretly authorized a labotomy.It left her paralyzed, unable to function, barely talk and at the thought function of a 2 year old. She was NEVER talked about again EVER by her family. She lived at St.Calletta in WI, unable to do anything for herself until she passed away in 2005 at 86.