Jacob Lawrence, The Migration Series, 1940-41, 60 panels, tempera on hardboard (even numbers at The Museum of Modern Art, odd numbers at the Phillips Collection)
18.The migration gained in momentum.
Jacob Lawrence - The Migration Series 1940/41. 1.During the World War there was a great migration North by Southern Negroes.
2.The World War has caused a great shortage in Northern industry and also citizens of foreign countries were returning home.
3.In every town Negroes were leaving by hundreds to go North and enter into Northern industry.
4.The Negro was the largest source of labor to be found after all others had been exhausted.
5.The Negroes were given free passage on the rail-roads which was paid back by Northern industry. It was an agreement that the people brought North on these rail-roads were to pay back their passage after they had received jobs.
6.The trains were packed continually with migrants.
7.The Negro, who had been part of the soil for many years, was now going into and living a new life in urban centers.
8.They did not always leave because they were promised work in the North. Many of them left because of Southern conditions, one of them being great floods that ruined the crops, and therefore they were unable to make a living where they were.
9.Another great ravager of the crops was the ball weevil.