Tale of Gilgamesh fascination
Nubian tribute bearer with an oryx, a monkey, and a leopard skin. Mesopotamia, Nimrud (ancient Kalhu), Neo-Assyrian, 8th Century BC. Phoenician ivory carvers were strongly influenced by the themes and style of Egyptian art owing to traditionally close ties between the two cultures. Some Phoenician ivories illustrate purely Egyptian themes, but many use Egyptian motifs in entirely original compositions. Phoenician-style ivories were used primarily as furniture decoration. Some are solid plaques,
From Susiana to central Persia and eastern Persia (Bactria), they brought their own dragon symbols such as these found in the Kerman District south of the Caspian Sea: This is the time-honored symbol of the twin dragons with the phoenix, a glorious mythical bird that is very often shown with a dragon or the twin dragon symbol. Here it is worked in steatite, a soft stone.
Devotional Statue Dating back to 2600 B.C.E. of what scholars believe is a married couple. The gypsum statue was found buried beneath the floor of a shrine at Nippur in Iraq and measures 3 1/2 inches wide at the bottom. The couple originally had feet, and the figures have eyes made of shell and lapis lazuli set in bitumen, a natural cemenlike substance.
The Sumerians were the first known people to settle in Mesopotamia over 7,000 years ago, between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers (modern day Iraq). Sumer was often called the cradle of civilization. By the 4th millennium BC, it had established an advanced system writing, spectacular arts and architecture, astronomy and mathematics. The origin of the Sumerians remains a mystery till this day.
Ugaritic cuneiform was named after Ugarit, the city state where it was used in what is now Syria. It was probably created sometime during the 14th century BC. Ugaritic cuneiform outwardly resembles other cuneiform scripts and has a sound system based on consonant alphabets such as Phoenician/Canaanite. Ugarit flourished from the 14th century BC until 1180/70 BC, when it was destroyed.