Ralph Waldo Emerson is saying to always be yourself, even when it seems hardest to do so never be someone else or imitate others. This is transcendentalism because you have to be yourself to be at your best.
"Do not handicap your children by making their lives easy." - Robert A. Heinlein My parents made sure that I could take care of my own, stuff wasn't handed to me. I see kids today, and worry not only for their future but for mine as well.