There is no clear understanding on how Asthma is caused but it’s believed it can run in the family so if one of your parents has it your more likely to also get asthma. Someone who has severe asthma can get an asthma attack or an acute asthma exacerbation and may need to get treated in hospital.
Asthma is caused by inflammation of the airways. These airways are small tubes known as bronchi. They are responsible for carrying air in and out of the lungs, however someone with Asthma’s bronchi would be inflamed and more sensitive then it’s suppose to.
Other ways of treating asthma involves using preventer medicines if an individual’s asthma is still not getting better. These medicines include leukotriene receptor antagonists (montelukast) tablets that block some of the chemical reactions in the airways and another is theophylliness tablets. These tablets make the airways wider and relax the muscles.
Preventer inhalers are another type of inhalers which works over a period of time reducing the amount of inflammation in the airways so asthma attacks are prevented. A Long-acting reliever inhaler is used when someone with asthma does not respond to the previous treatments. The dose of the preventer inhaler would be increased.
There are different types of inhalers such as reliever inhalers. These inhalers are effective for relieving asthma symptoms fast. A short-acting beta2-agonist medicine is found in these inhalers that helps relax muscles in narrowed airways. Reliever medicines include salbutamol and terbutaline.
Some inhalers release an aerosol jet when pressed. Spacers work well with these as the amount of medicine inhaled in is increased and side effects are reduced. Spacers can also be useful to those who find it difficult to use their inhaler, however they are still recommended for those who can use their inhalers well.
The usual asthma medicines are inhalers. These devices deliver the helping drug directly to the airways through the mouth as you breathe it in. Inhaling an asthma drug is effective as it goes straight to the lungs without much of it reaching elsewhere.
Asthma is incurable however there are effective treatments to help someone deal with their condition and live an unrestricted life. Your doctor or nurse should help manage your asthma by monitoring your symptoms and medication; you may need to be on higher levels of medication at different times.
When something irritates your lungs. Your airways become narrow causing your muscles to tighten. The production of sticky mucus (phlegm) is increased and this leads to finding breathing difficult, coughing, wheezing and getting a tight chest.
Asthma is a non communicable long term condition that causes breathlessness, coughing and wheezing. The severity of the condition varies from different individuals, however it can usually be controlled well.