in Afghanistan (it's like a cool tone version of qarth *A* speaking of which, where did they film that...)
Buildings in Jaisalmer - Jaisalmer, Rajasthan
(Rock Palace), Yemen
The ancient cave monastery of Vardzia in southern Georgia. The main period of construction was the second half of the twelfth century, though people have lived here since the Bronze Age.
Maijishan Caves @ Tianshui, China Aspundir: Maijishan Grottoes in China. 194 caves cut in the side of the hill of Majishan in Tianshui, Gansu Province, northwest China.
Kakku, Myanmar. travel deep into the Shan hills to the hidden 'forest of temples' at Kakku. More than 5,000 stupas from the 11th century rise high above a plain
The Forgotten Temple of Lysistrata, Portugal
Chand Baori, a stepwell in the village Abhaneri near Jaipur, India. It was built in 9th century and has 3500 narrow steps, 13 stories and is 100 feet deep.
Ajanta caves, in the Aurangabad district of Maharashtra, India (source)