King Henry VIII
A board dedicated to that larger-than-life Tudor monarch (in every sense of the word), King Henry VIII (1491-1547).
Skeffington's Irons, or "The Scavenger's Daughter", was a torture device used during King Henry VIII's reign, and the reign of his daughter, Queen Mary I. It was invented during Henry VIII's reign by his Lieutenant of the Tower, Leonard Skeffington. It compressed the body with the head between the legs, locked in that position. It was rarely mentioned in documents because it was probably not used as much as the rack.
Henry VIII's Psalter - This is Henry VIII's personal book of psalms, which was written and illuminated in 1540 by an emigré from the court of the French King Francis I. It contains many beautifully decorated initials and illuminations. Several of these link Henry visually to King David and perhaps even to Christ himself, showing that Henry wanted to identify himself with these biblical figures.
Margaret Pole: She was born Margaret Plantagenet, the niece of Edward IV and Richard III. She married Sir Reginald Pole about 1491 and bore five sons, including Reginald Cardinal Pole. Margaret was widowed, named Countess of Salisbury, and appointed governess to Princess Mary. She ran afoul of Henry VIII and he had her executed (butchered, more accurately) in 1541. He had once called her “the holiest woman in England.”
On July 30, 1540, two different sets of martyrs set off for Smithfield for execution. There were three Catholics, who had refused to swear Henry VIII's Oaths of Succession and Supremacy, and there were three Protestants--more properly, Zwinglians--who refused to accept the definition of Christian sacramental doctrine outlined in Henry VIII's Six Articles.Thomas Abel, Richard Fetherston, and Edward Powell had all been chaplains and defenders of Queen Catherine of Aragon...