A group of young children gaze out at the photographer just prior to their execution by an Einsatzkommando. (Photo: Central State Archive of Film, Photo and Phonographic Documents / United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Photo Archive.
On January the Red Army liberated Auschwitz-Birkenau. Pictured here is a Soviet soldier walking with prisoners through Auschwitz’s gate. Above them is the slogan — a cruel lie — ‘Arbeit Macht Frei’ (‘Work Will Make You Free’).
During WWII, Jews in Budapest were brought to the edge of the Danube river, ordered to remove their shoes and shot, falling into the water below. 60 pairs of iron shoes now line the river's bank, a ghostly memorial to the victims.
Greece, March A woman weeps during the deportation of Jews from Ioannina.The deportation was enforced by the German army. Almost all of the people deported were murdered on or shortly after April when the train carrying them reached Auschwitz-Birkenau.